The Supreme Being, assuming the first Guru Swarup as Soamiji Maharaj, brought in this creation several of His Nij Anshas (Emanations)., viz., Radhaji Maharaj, Huzur Maharaj, Maharaj Saheb, Buaji Saheba and Babuji Maharaj.
They constituted the main props of the unique seminary established in this part of the creation for the reformation, regeneration and redemption of souls. It is due to the presence, in this creation, of the Nij Anshas, Sants, Sadhs and true devotees, that the work of salvation started by Soamiji Maharaj has continued after Him. Otherwise, instead of responding to the love and attraction of the Supreme Being, the men of the world would revolt and cause all sorts of trouble and impediment in the way of spiritual progress.
Babuji Maharaj was the last of the Nij Anshas who came in the time of Soamiji Maharaj. His life on earth coincided practically with the growth of Radhasoami Satsang established in 1861, the year of his birth. His association with the Satsang was the longest of all. So with His departure at the ripe age of 88, closed the biggest chapter in the history of Radhasoami Satsang. And after Him there is left no body who had known Soamiji Maharaj and His Satsang and had witnessed the great Leella and Belias (pleasure and enjoyment of Sant's company, acts of grace and mercy of Sants) of Soamiji Maharaj's days. It is natural therefore, that while reading about the life of Babuji Maharaj we feel that we are glancing through the history of Radhasoami Satsang as well.
Soamiji Maharaj's elder sister was a devotee of a very high order. She was called Sardhoji Maharaj. One day she prayed to Soamiji Maharaj that a Bhakt (devotee) be born in her family.
In the early hours of the 12th day of the bright half of the month of Jeth, in the year 1918 of the Vikram Calendar, (Wednesday, the 19th June 1861), Babuji Maharaj was born as a grandson to the elder sister of Soamiji Maharaj, at Varanasi (Benares).
The day preceding the night on which Babuji Maharaj was born was the day of fasting due to Nirjala Ekadashi, and, therefore, his mother remained without food and water the whole day.
Babuji Maharaj's name was Madhav Prasad Sinha but, out of love and affection he was called "Raja" (King).
In December 1873, the grand mother of Babuji Maharaj brought him to Agra. He was fortunate enough to stay at the Holy Feet of Soamiji Maharaj for full three months. During this period whenever Soamiji Maharaj delivered discourses on some special and deep subjects, He used to call Babuji Maharaj even at late hours on cold wintry nights. Babuji Maharaj, too would at once come to Him, covering his body hastily with his "razai" (a quilt, a coloured coverlet).
More often than not, Babuji Maharaj passed his school vacations at the Feet of Soamiji Maharaj in Agra. Soamiji Maharaj loved Babuji Maharaj very much, and very often took the service of preparing Huqqa for Himself. Besides Radhaji Maharaj and Huzur Maharaj, Bukkiji, Shibboji and other devotees also loved Babuji Maharaj.
In January 1874 Soamiji Maharaj initiated Babuji Maharaj in Radhasoami Faith.
When Babuji Maharaj returned to Banares, Soamiji Maharaj sent one of His devoted Sadhus with him to keep company and help him in the performance of Surat Shabd Yoga.
Huzur Maharaj had been so pleased with Babuji Maharaj that He gave him His own manuscript copy of Sar Bachan Radhasoami (Poetry) which had not been printed.
Thus equipped, Babuji Maharaj remained away in Benares. Apparently he busied himself in working out his own salvation but in fact he was raising the spiritual level of the region by the performance of spiritual practices and devotion. He used to repair with the Sadhu, referred to above, to a secluded and partly neglected and unfrequented garden about a mile and a half from his house. He went out obviously to take health walk, but in fact to perform spiritual practices every morning without publicity and possible opposition from his people, more particularly from his grand uncle and guardian who was a bigoted Hindu of the type very common in those days particularly in Benares.
Babuji Maharaj used to wear long hair during childhood. He was fond of playing upon musical instruments, specially sitar. he was very sharp in reading and writing. In the beginning, He was not sent to any school. A tutor used to come to his house to teach him Persian language, in which he was a muntahi (very proficient) and was considered to be a good scholar of Persian even at the young age of 13 or 14 years.
In 1884 he obtained the degree of M.A. in English Literature from the premier University of Calcutta, as a student of the Benares College.
Babuji Maharaj was penetrating and discriminating. He possessed fine perception. He was elegant and intelligent. From his very childhood, he had developed the habit of probing deep into every matter and understanding everything thoroughly. In fact, he gained mastery over every subject with which he was concerned.
The greater the depth from which a plant is uprooted, the greater will be the effect on the soil. This is the reason why the Gurumukh is entrenched thoroughly deep into the world, so that when he is withdrawn from there a larger number of people may be drawn with him from the meshes of the world. It was the MAUJ (Devine Will) that Babuji Maharaj should live under the guardianship of an orthodox Hindu and obtain first-hand knowledge and experience of Hindu temples and ghats at the bank of the river Ganges, religious and other gatherings, discourses, fairs, ceremonies, functions, etc..
Babuji Maharaj possessed an intimate knowledge of the conditions of life in temples of Varanasi and all other activities that were going on in the name of religion. He used to narrate these experiences of his boyhood so vividly as if they had recently happened.
At the age of sixteen Babuji Maharaj was married to Srimati Bhagwan Dei, daughter of Sri Chiranji Lal Seth of Shikohabad (U.P.). Huzur Maharaj gave her the parmarthi name of Surat Pyari. She was generally called Maiyanji. Maiyanji means revered mother.
Two Children of Babuji Maharaj, a boy and a girl, died at a very tender age. Thereafter, were born four sons and one daughter.
Maharaj Saheb met Babuji Maharaj at Queen's Collegiate School in Benares. When Bubuji Maharaj entered his class-room on the first day, he felt a bit perplexed and was thinking where he should sit, as all the seats were occupied, except one by a robust boy. So robust and sturdy was he that nobody dared to sit near him. This robust and sturdy boy was none other than Maharaj Saheb. As soon as their eyes met, Maharaj Saheb instantly beckoned Babuji Maharaj to sit by his side and added that he should sit with him daily. Maharaj Saheb greeted Babuji Maharaj like an old friend.
From that day on, both were seen together all the time. Both were drawn towards each other due to internal attraction, as both had descended from Radhasoami Dham for the same benevolent purpose. They were so close to each other that the biography of one cannot be written in exclusion of the other.
In the famous city of Kashi (Benares, Varanasi) people of all sorts of ideas, rich and poor, Rajas and beggars, drunkards, scoundrels and gamblers, goondas and swindlers, flourished abundantly. All sorts of activities were going on in the name of religion. There was no place, locality or institution, big or small, such as taverns, gambling-dens, temples, theatres, ghats, etc., where Maharaj Saheb, and with him Babuji Maharaj, did not go for fun. They had full knowledge of all such places.